Compiling a Reference List And Appendixes: Professional Guidelines

What is a reference list?

To write an academic paper, we will have to gather the data from different resources. After gathering the data from these resources, it is necessary for us to provide a list of these resources. This list of the resources is known as references list. No one can deny the importance of preparing a references list for an academic paper because it can save an academic paper from plagiarism issues. If you are not able to prepare a references list for your academic paper, then you can get help from expert writers of the academic writing services.

Professional tips to compile a reference list

The students should take extra care to compile references list. Some professional tips to compile a references list are given below;

  • Due to the importance of a references list in an academic paper, it is necessary for the students to compile a references list on a separate page.
  • All the references should be written in the centre of the page.
  • The best font style that is used in a references list is Times New Roman. The size of the font should be 12 points only.
  • You should also make sure that you have used double spacing between all the words in a references list.
  • In a references list, you will have to write a lot of entries. Each entry of a references list should be started from the last name of the author.
  • You should also try to include each resource on a new line.
  • All the resources should be written in an alphabetical order. This alphabetical order should be followed from the first surname of the authors.
  • In order to provide a resource in a references list, you will have to use the name of a book or a journal in Italics.

What is the appendix?

To write an academic paper, you will have to provide clear and concise information. Sometimes, it is necessary for the students to provide detail about any concept. For this reason, an appendix is the best choice for the students because it provides additional information to the readers. This is helpful for the students to clarify their concepts.

Professional tips to compile an appendix

An appendix is considered as an essential tool for the students in order to support their arguments. The best tips to write an appendix are given below;

  • First of all, the students should try to get a clear idea which is the best information to include in an appendix. A student can include interview questions, letters or forms of the participants, questionnaires of the surveys, and some essential tables and figures in the appendix of an academic paper.
  • The students can also include some supplementary material in an appendix. In this supplementary material, there come audio, video, and data files. There is no need to upload such a file whose size is more than 600MB.
  • You should try to present information in an appendix by following a specific order. This order of information should be the same as it is presented in the other sections of the dissertation.
  • Sometimes, there is a possibility that you will have to present more than one appendices in an academic paper. The headings of these appendices should be provided in the same order as you have provided headings for the different chapters of your dissertation.

What Is Good will In Accounting?

If a businessman purchases a company from another businessman for a premium value, then its intangible assets come into goodwill. In the goodwill of a company, there come a lot of things. Some important things that come into the goodwill of a company are the brand name of a company, a solid base of the customers, good relationship with the customers, good relationship with the employees within a company, and any kind of patent technology. As a student, if you don’t have enough idea about goodwill in accounting, then you can get help from the expert writers of the academic writing services.

Types of goodwill

There are two basic types of goodwill in accounting. First of all, there comes purchased goodwill and in the second, there comes non-purchased or inherent goodwill. When the main concern of a company depends upon purchasing but the consideration of the paid amount exceeds from the requirements of the separable net assets, then this type of goodwill is known as purchased goodwill. On the other hand, if a company is enjoying a fair value of its separable assets, then this type of goodwill of a company is known as non-purchased or inherent goodwill.

Factors affecting goodwill

In the field of a business, there are a lot of factors that can affect the goodwill of a company. The most important factors that can become a cause of affecting the goodwill of a company are given below;

  • If a company is providing outstanding quality of the products or services, then it’s goodwill
  • There are a lot of effects of location on the goodwill of a company. If a company is situated in a favourable place, then its goodwill will also increase.
  • If a company is in the field of business for a number of years, then this thing will also become a cause of increasing its goodwill.
  • If a company is providing special advantages to the customers, then this thing can also become a cause of increasing the goodwill of a company. For example, if a company is providing the best services or products at the most affordable prices, then its goodwill will be increased.
  • There are a lot of effects of the nature of business on the goodwill of a company. For example, if a company is providing such products or services that have stable continuous demand, then the goodwill of that company will also be increased.
  • If a company has maintained good relations with the employees, labours, and government, then its goodwill will also be increased.

Importance of goodwill in accounting

If a company has goodwill in the field of business, then it will gain a lot of benefits. The importance of goodwill in accounting is explained below;

  • With the help of goodwill, the number of return customers of a company will be increased.
  • With the help of well-established goodwill, the chances of getting the loans from the bank and other potential customers will be increased.
  • It is also helpful for a company to strengthen its business network.
  • In the case of blunder or a mistake, the people can forget that blunder or mistake due to its goodwill.
  • With the help of goodwill, the intangible assets of a company will also be increased.

Top 5 Affordable Yet Best Colleges In The UK

The education system in the UK is considered the best education system in the world. That’s why it is the desire of almost all the students to acquire education from the best educational institutes in the UK. Its reason is that after getting an education from the best institutes in the UK, the students can easily avail the best job opportunities. The biggest problem for the students is to choose the best as well as affordable colleges in the UK. If you are not able to find out the best and affordable colleges in the UK, then you can get help from UK-based academic writing services. Top 5 affordable yet best colleges in the UK are given below;

1)    UCL (University College London)

The UCL is one of the best constitute colleges in the UK. Moreover, it is also a public research university. If we talk about the enrollments in the UCL, then we come to know that it is the third largest university in the UK on the basis of total enrollments. Moreover, if we talk about the enrollments of the undergraduate students, then we come to know that it is in the top position. There is a huge network of the best faculty members in the UCL. That’s why it is considered the best college in the UK. The educational expenditures for most of the educational programs are up to seventeen thousand pounds and per week living expenditures are up to 400 pounds.

2)    Imperial College London

If we talk about excellence and benefit in the fields of Science, medicine, business or engineering, then Imperial College London is the best choice for you. A lot of students from all around the world enrol themselves in a lot of postgraduates and undergraduates programs. Imperial College London has the best faculty of Science, Medicine, Engineering, and Business. Moreover, its libraries and transportation system are also up-to-date. The fees for almost all the educational programs are about ten thousand euros. On the other hand, the living expenditures are about 400 euros per week.

3)    King’s College London

King’s College London is also a public research library that is located in the London. The best departments in the King’s College London are Applied Sciences, Medical, General literature, and Theological. It has the best faculty members. It’s per annum fee structure is about ten thousand euros. Moreover, you can also avail a lot of scholarship opportunities in it.

4)    London School of Economics

The best courses that are thought at the London School of Economics are Accounting, Business and Administration, Economics, Finance, and Law. The London School of Economics has the best faculty members of these courses. The tuition fees in LSE are about nine thousand euros and the monthly living expenditures are about 1100 euros.

5)    The Glasgow School of Arts

If you want to achieve the best educational opportunities in Fine Arts, Architecture, and Designs, then GSA is the best choice for you. Moreover, it is also affordable for the students. Their annual fees are about 1,820 euros only. After getting degrees from this institute, then students can easily avail the best job opportunities.

Evaluation Of The Delivery Of Public Housing Programs In Nigeria

A form of the housing tenure in which different properties of the public are owned by the government authorities is known as the public housing programs. There are two forms of these properties. The first form is known as the central and the second form is known as the local. These public housing schemes are built for the social welfare of the members of a state. To evaluate the delivery of public housing programs in Nigeria is not an easy task for the students. If the students are not able to understand these things in an effective way, then you can get help from the dissertation writing services. The best tips to evaluate the delivery of the public housing programs in Nigeria are given below;

  • Need for the affordable housing

As we know that the population in Nigeria is growing at the very fast rate. This fast growth in the population creates a lot of shelters, housing, and some other utility problems. Moreover, to afford the different housing facilities is also a real challenge for the Nigerian citizens. By keeping in mind these issues of the Nigerian citizens, the government of Nigeria has started some public housing programs that ensure the availability of the affordable housing schemes for the Nigerian citizens. The Nigerian government has built up to 15 million houses. The Nigerian government is providing the 23 houses for 1,000 inhabitants and these houses are provided at the most affordable prices.

  • Institutional framework for housing

To ensure the best housing facilities for the Nigerian citizens, there involve a lot of public as well as private sectors. These sectors are working for the insurance of the improved efficiency as well as for the collaboration within the different members of the society. If we try to get an idea about the institutional framework for the public housing scheme, then we come to know that it is divided into three types of the organizations. The first type is known as the public organizations. The second type is known as the quasi-public organizations, and the last type is known as the private sector organizations. This institutional framework is made for the insurance to provide the best housing facilities to the Nigerian citizens.

  • Housing demand and supply

The name of the housing units that are needed for a society at a particular time is known as the housing demand. On the other hand, if we talk about the housing need and the effective demand, then we come to know that it is the name of the gap that is created between the actual needs for the housing schemes and the abilities of a government to provide the housing facilities. In Nigeria, these housing demands and supply are provided by the different sectors like private developers, non-governmental organizations, the institutions that are providing the best housing schemes, and the possible factors that are responsible for providing the best housing trends.

Along with these factors, we should also try to get an idea about the finance and the delivery of the public housing schemes and the key issues and constraints about the different kinds of the housing schemes.

10 Tips For Non-Native Students To Improve Writing Skills

Writing skills are considered as the most important part of the communication. If you want to convey your message in an effective, clear and easy way, then you should have impressive writing skills. Moreover, if a foreigner wants to get a degree from the most famous university in the UK, then his/her writing skills should also be impressive.

Its reason is that you will have to complete a lot of academic papers and final exams and the only way to get the best results is to complete all of these papers in the best English language. Here, we will provide 10 most important tips that are helpful for the non-native students to improve the writing skills.

  • The first and the most important tip to improve the writing skills is that you should try to use the active voice sentences instead of the passive voice sentences. Its reason is that the excessive use of the passive voice sentences is considered as the most common manifestation of bad writing.
  • While creating the best content for the dissertation, thesis, essay or any other academic paper, there is no need to use the easy words only. Along with these easy words, it is also necessary for you to use the stronger words.
  • You should try to cut the chaff while writing any kind of the academic paper. Its reason is that the best academic paper should be simple, clear, and direct.
  • The use of clichés is also prohibited while creating a monument the best content. Therefore, you should try to use the phrases, ideas, and situations in a simple way without clichés.
  • There is no need to use a lot of generalizations while creating the best content for your academic papers. Some students don’t have any idea about the generalizations. For their information, use of generalization means to use the words like these “In this article, In this sentence or In these words” in your content.
  • If it is necessary for you to use the different metaphors and similes in your academic paper, then you should try to use these metaphors and similes with caution.
  • The most important tip that really works for the non-native students is that they should try to read out the best content in order to improve the writing skills. Its reason is that by reading the best content, they will be able to know that how to create the best content for their own academic papers. For this purpose, you should try to read out the most interesting content like magazines, newspapers etc.
  • When you are going to write down anything, then you should make sure that you are clear on the concepts that you are going to write.
  • Try to restrict yourself to the point. There is no need to over-explain
  • You should try to eliminate the filler words and other phrases from your content.

These are the most important tips that are helpful for the students to improve the writing skills. If you are a non-native student and you don’t have impressive English writing skills, then you can place an order for your academic paper to the PhD Dissertation writing services for the best results.

What is the difference between an essay and a dissertation?

According to the principles of writing and research, essay and dissertation differ in many ways that are discussed below:
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  1. Major differences in definitions

When we explore the definitions of both writing styles, it concludes that essay is a literature-based piece of writing that is generally used to discuss a specific topic and the facts related to that issue.Generally, the essay takes up several writing styles such as investigative, based on notions, or elaborating the information.Essays can be just a fictional description of some hypothetical occurrences whereas dissertation is based on a scientific data and has a specific purpose.The definition of dissertation implies clearly that it is related to educational purposes and may lead to a graduation degree for a person. Dissertation is a short appraisal of the research project a student intends to initiate for his or her university years, whereas, the essay may just be a short academic assignment or a general publishing.

  1. Length of the content

A very major an undeniable difference between an essay and dissertation is that essay in usually shorter than a dissertation. An essay may consist of 300-500 words or maybe some take it to 650 but a longer essay is not known. In addition, the other problem such a long essay can create is that it will become boring and meaningless. On the other side dissertation has to cover many elements and every sub heading requires to be properly elaborated. Therefore, the word count in a dissertation may reach up to 14000.

  1. Source of information

Another difference lies in the source of information these two styles use to emphasize on their objective. Essay writers gather information and references from the already done researches in the world to prove their point. They even take up the paradigm of philosophy and religion to further support the topic. Whereas a dissertation poses a question and intends to form a new research base for proving the hypothesis. They may mention other researches done on the same hypothesis but that is just given. The main source of information are the tools a person will use in effort to gather data from a variety of people. Dissertation lays down the plan for a student to find fresh evidences to conclude a certain hypothesis. Essay writers are then going to use this conclusion to prove their point.

  1. Remarkable difference in format

Essays is just a discussion divided into few paragraphs on a specific topic but a dissertation has several sub headings such as introduction, literature review, methodology, discussion, conclusions, references, appendices. These parts may vary but the point is that dissertation is a more planned piece of writing.

  1. Purpose differ as well

The basic objective of both vary quite clearly as an essay can be written just for literature purposes or it is just an assignment. However, a dissertation is the way to get a degree; no one can skip this step to get through college. There is clear difference between the purpose of these two writing pieces.

Typical Problems that Students Face When Writing Dissertations

Typical Problems in DissertationsStudents face a lot of problems when they are faced with the tough task of writing a dissertation. It is not tough because it is long and requires lots of hard work but writing a dissertation is a tough job because it requires students to process a lot of information, analyze a number of researchers and coordinate all of them together to come up with the right thesis and work on it and present it the right way to their teachers. It is not easy to accomplish and this is the main reason why students face so many problems when they are asked to write a dissertation.


However, it is important to mention here that most of the problems that students face when writing a research paper are their own and self-created. It is because they fail to attend the classes on time when teachers are explaining what dissertations are and how they should be done the best way. Along with this, the students do not pay attention and read the guidelines closely provided by dissertation writing services which tell them a lot about what they should do for writing a top quality and custom dissertation.


There are some real typical problems that most of the students face when they are writing dissertations. This article discusses some of these problems and helps the students understand what they should do to make sure they are on the right track and produce the best papers for their teachers.


The first problem that students face when writing dissertations is that students fail to understand the topic or they do not pay enough attention to gather what the topic is all about. They start researching and writing without thinking what they actually are required to do. Instead of being on the right track, the students find themselves on the wrong side which only leads to further problems for them as they come to know that they have been working in the wrong direction for writing a summary all this time.


Another typical problem that students face when writing dissertations is getting a teacher or a supervisor with whom they are unable to work. There are some supervisors who are really good and help students the best way but there are others who are not so cordial and the students find it really hard to approach these supervisors and develop a good working relationship with them. The best thing for students to do in this regard is to establish a good relationship with their teachers which enable them to succeed in their assignments.


Another typical problem faced by students is that of procrastination and all the resulting conflicts that arises because of this one problem. Hence they get help from dissertation writing experts to solve the problem. Students think they have a long time to work on their paper before they have to submit it to their teachers and this creates all the troubles. By the time the deadline rolls in, the students find out that they have not worked on their dissertation and they have nothing to present to their teachers. This is one problem that almost all students face and need to work on it to avoid such troubles.